1. US President Donald Trump arrives in Britain for 3-day state visit
• US President Donald Trump arrived in Britain today for a three-day state visit during which he is to attend a banquet hosted by Queen Elizabeth II and meet outgoing Prime Minister Theresa May.
• On landing, Trump sent out a tweet calling London Mayor Sadiq Khan a “stone cold loser” for criticising Britain’s decision to roll out the red carpet for the White House chief.
• Minutes before touching down, Mr Trump criticised Mayor of London Sadiq Khan, with whom he has clashed in the past.
• Mr Trump was greeted by US Ambassador to the UK Woody Johnson and Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt.
• Although Mr Trump has spoken of his admiration for Mrs May, there is expected to be differences of opinion during their talks, which begin on Tuesday.
• The prime minister will raise the issue of climate change, with a government spokesman again saying on Monday the UK was “disappointed by the US decision to withdraw from the Paris Agreement in 2017”.
• The two leaders are also expected to discuss Huawei. The US has blacklisted the Chinese firm for security reasons, while the UK may allow it to supply “non-core” components for its 5G network.
• By inviting leaders from the BIMSTEC (Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation) countries, Kyrgyz Republic and Mauritius at his swearing-in ceremony on May 30, Prime Minister Narendra Modi has made a carefully calibrated diplomatic move that signals a major outreach to India’s neighbourhood from the Bay of Bengal to Central Asia, as well as the Indian diaspora across the world.
• In an effort to integrate the region, the grouping was formed in 1997, originally with Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka and Thailand, and later included Myanmar, Nepal and Bhutan. BIMSTEC, which now includes five countries from South Asia and two from ASEAN, is a bridge between South Asia and Southeast Asia. It includes all the major countries of South Asia, except Maldives, Afghanistan and Pakistan.
• The Bay of Bengal is the largest bay in the world. Over one-fifth (22%) of the world’s population live in the seven countries around it, and they have a combined GDP close to $2.7 trillion.
• Despite economic challenges, all the countries in the region have been able to sustain average annual rates of economic growth between 3.4% and 7.5% from 2012 to 2016.
• The Bay also has vast untapped natural resources. One-fourth of the world’s traded goods cross the Bay every year.
• As the region’s largest economy, India has a lot at stake. BIMSTEC connects not only South and Southeast Asia, but also the ecologies of the Great Himalayas and the Bay of Bengal. For India, it is a natural platform to fulfil our key foreign policy priorities of ‘Neighborhood First’ and ‘Act East’.
• As China mounts assertive activities in the Bay of Bengal region, with increased submarine movement and ship visits in the Indian Ocean, it is in India’s interest to consolidate its internal engagement among the BIMSTEC countries.
3. ILO report on Women in Business and Management
• The International Labour Organization (ILO) recently released its second global report, titled Women in Business and Management: The business case for change.
• A critical mass of 30 per cent women is need by the enterprises in order to reap the benefits of gender diversity.
• Almost half of the surveyed enterprises reported women holding less than 30 per cent of entry-level management positions.
• In 60 per cent of companies, fewer than 30 per cent of senior managers and top executives are women.
• Across the world, men are still more likely to participate in the labour market than women. The average global labour force participation rate of women in 2018 stood at 48.5 per cent, while that of men was 75 per cent. This equates to a 26.5 percentage point gender gap in labour force participation.
• Just for Asia and the Pacific, the average female labour force participation rate has declined from 52.9 in 1991 to 45.3 per cent in 2018, dropping by 7.6 percentage points.
• Enterprises with gender-inclusive cultures “are over 60 per cent more likely to have improved profits and productivity”. Such businesses are “9 per cent more likely to have improved business performance”.
• A study by the World Economic Forum has predicted that “if the global gender gap in labour market participation is closed by 25 per cent by 2025, an additional $5.3 trillion would be added to GDP globally”.
4. International Classification of Diseases (ICD)
• The ICD is the global health information standard for mortality and morbidity statistics. The first international classification edition, known as the International List of Causes of Death, was adopted by the International Statistical Institute in 1893. WHO was entrusted with the ICD at its creation in 1948. The ICD is revised periodically and is currently in its 10th revision. About 70% of the world’s health expenditures (USD $ 3.5 billion) are allocated using ICD for reimbursement and resource allocation.
• The World Health Organization has for the first time recognised “burn-out” in its International Classification of Diseases (ICD), which is widely used as a benchmark for diagnosis and health insurers.
• The decision could help put to rest decades of debate among experts over how to define burnout, and whether it should be considered a medical condition.
• In the latest update of its catalogue of diseases and injuries around the world, WHO defines burn-out as “a syndrome conceptualised as resulting from chronic workplace stress that has not been successfully managed.” The syndrome is characterised by three dimensions: “1) feelings of energy depletion or exhaustion; 2) increased mental distance from one’s job, or feelings of negativism or cynicism related to one’s job; and 3) reduced professional efficacy.”
• ICD-11 identifies health trends and statistics worldwide, and contains around 55,000 unique codes for injuries, diseases and causes of death.
• ICD-11, which has been over a decade in the making, provides significant improvements on previous versions.
• Also for the first time, it is completely electronic and has a much more user-friendly format. And there has been unprecedented involvement of health care workers who have joined collaborative meetings and submitted proposals.
• The new ICD-11 also reflects progress in medicine and advances in scientific understanding. For example, the codes relating to antimicrobial resistance are more closely in line with the Global Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance System (GLASS).
• ICD-11 is also able to better capture data regarding safety in health care, which means that unnecessary events that may harm health – such as unsafe workflows in hospitals can be identified and reduced.
• The new ICD also includes new chapters- one on traditional medicine and another new chapter on sexual health.
• Gaming disorder has been added to the section on addictive disorders.
5. Iraqi President reaffirms his country’s policy to ease tensions in Middle East region
• Iraqi President Barham Salih has reaffirmed his country’s policy to ease tensions in the Middle East region and focus on the dialogue to solve the regional crises.
• Salih’s media office said in separate statements that Salih’s comments came during his separate meetings with US charge d’affaires, Iranian ambassador, and ambassadors of Britain, Germany and France in the presidential palace in Baghdad.
• During the day, the Iraqi President met the charge d’affaires of the US Embassy in Baghdad Joey Hood and the two discussed latest political developments at the regional and international levels.
• Salih’s meetings came amid the tense situation in the region after US President Donald Trump decided not to re-issue the sanctions waivers for major importers to continue buying Iran’s oil when they expired in early May.
6. Algeria’s Constitutional Council cancels presidential elections
• Algeria’s Constitutional Council has extended interim President Abdelkader Bensalah’s powers yesterday. The presidential elections scheduled next month have been cancelled by the Constitutional Council.
• The Council said that a presidential election would not be held because it had rejected the only two candidates’ documents who had applied to run for the elections.
• An acute political crisis broke out in Algeria in February after then-ailing president Bouteflika announced his bid to seek a fifth term in the office, triggering a wave of anti-government protests. Protests, nevertheless, are still underway, with demonstrators demanding that all politicians who received offices under Bouteflika should first resign.
• The council said in a statement on Sunday that it rejected “the candidates’ applications” and subsequently declared “the impossibility of holding presidential elections on July 4”.
• It did not set a new date for the presidential election, asking interim President Abdelkader Bensalah to organise a vote at a later date, state television said.
• The move will likely extend the rule of the interim president, who was meant to stay only until the vote to elect a new president after Bouteflika ended his 20-year rule in the wake of mass protests.
• Bensalah, the former upper house speaker, had been appointed as interim leader until July 9.
• Demonstrations have since continued, with protesters demanding Bensalah’s resignation and an end to the dominance of the elite who have ruled Algeria since it won independence from France in 1962. Algerians have protested for 15 weeks, we are heading towards a sixteenth week of protests so the issue here is Bensalah has to listen to
• Hundreds of thousands again took to the streets of Algiers and other cities to call for Bensalah’s removal and that of Prime Minister Bedoui, who was appointed by Bouteflika days before he stepped down.
7. Israel carries out air strikes in Syria
• Israel carries out air strikes in Syria today in response to rare rocket fire from the neighbouring country, with a war monitor reporting 10 killed including Syrian soldiers and foreign fighters.Israel’s army said, two rockets were fired from Syria at Mount Hermon in the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights yesterday and one had been located within Israeli territory.
• It said that in response, they attacked two Syrian artillery batteries, a number of observation and intelligence posts on the Golan Heights, and a SA-2 aerial defence battery.
• According to the Britain-based war monitor, the foreign fighters were killed in missile strikes close to the capital Damascus where Syrian troops, Iranian forces and Hezbollah fighters are stationed.
• Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said he had ordered the strike.
8. US asks visa applicants to provide their social media use details under new rules
• The United States has asked Visa applicants to provide information on their use of social media under the new rules. The move is aimed at enhancing the vetting of foreign nationals and to screen out terrorists and other dangerous individuals seeking entry into America. • State Department adopted a new policy under which most visa applicants, including temporary visitors, will be required to list their social media identifiers in a drop down menu along with other personal information. • Applicants will have the option to say that they do not use social media if that is the case. A US State Department official said that if a visa applicant lies about social media use, they could face serious consequences. • Visa applicants will also be required in the future to turn more extensive information on their travel history. The new rules stems from a March 2017 executive order issued by President Donald Trump intended to put extreme vetting into place.
9. Bombay HC upholds constitutional validity of death penalty for repeat rape offenders
• Bombay High Court upheld the Constitutional validity of an amended section of the Indian Penal Code under which repeat offenders in rape cases can be awarded life imprisonment or death penalty.
• A division bench of Justices B P Dharmadhikari and Revati Mohite Dere dismissed petitions today filed by three convicts in the Shakti Mill gangrape case challenging Constitutional validity of the legal provisions under which they were sentenced to death in 2014.
• Under an amendment to section 376 (e) of the IPC, repeat offenders in rape cases faced life imprisonment or a death penalty.
• The amendment was made after the Nirbhaya incident in Delhi in 2012.The Judges observed that section 376 (e) of the IPC is not ultra vires to the Constitution and hence need not be quashed in the Shakti Mills case.
• In 2014, all the three convicts of the case were sentenced to death by a sessions court for the gangrape of a photojournalist in 2013. The same year, the three were also convicted for raping a call centre employee. Both the instances of gangrape had taken place in the Shakti Mills compound in Mumbai.
10. Ajit Doval to continue as NSA for next five years
• National Security Advisor Ajit Doval has been given Cabinet rank in the present government. This is in recognition of his contribution in the national security domain. His appointment will be for five years.
• Last year, the government has set up a panel, headed by NSA Ajit Doval, to assist the National Security Council, which advises the Prime Minister on matters of national security and strategic interests.
• Ajit Kumar Doval, KC, IPS (Retd) (born 20 January 1945), is the 5th and current National Security Advisor to the Prime Minister of India.
• He previously served as the Director of the Intelligence Bureau in 2004–05, after spending a decade as the head of its operation wing. Under his supervision 2016 Indian Line of Control strike on 29th Sept, 2016 and 2019 Balakot airstrike on 26th Feb, 2019 were conducted.
• He was awarded an honorary doctorate for his contribution in the field of strategic and security matters, in science and literature from Agra University in December 2017 and Kumaun University in May 2018 respectively.
• During the Mizo National Front (MNF) insurgency, Doval won over six of Laldenga’s seven commanders. He spent long periods of time incognito with the Mizo National Army in the Arakan in Burma and inside Chinese territory. From Mizoram, Doval went to Sikkim where he played a role during the merger of the state with India. He was trained under M K Narayanan, the 3rd National Security Advisor of India for a brief period in counterterrorism operations.
11. Smriti Irani, Ravi Shankar Prasad, Harsh Vardhan & Arjun Munda take charge of their ministries
• Smriti Irani today took charge as the Minister of Women and Child Development. Senior officials were also present on the occasion. Ravi Shankar Prasad also took charge as the minister of Law and Justice.
• Later talking to media, Mr Prasad said, Legal access, Legal adjudication and infrastructure are the three significant elements in justice delivery. He said, with the help of synergy of technology with legal procedure, his ministry will try to make legal access more effective.
• On the other hand, Arjun Munda assumed the charge as Tribal Affairs minister and Renuka Singh took charge as Minister of state in the Tribal Affairs ministry.
• Dr Harsh Vardhan takes charge as Health Minister. Union Health Minister Dr Harsh Vardhan today said, he will write to the Chief Ministers of the five States where Ayushman Bharat – Pradhan Mantri Jan Aarogya Yojana (AB-PMJAY) has so far been not implemented.
• Talking to reporters in New Delhi after assuming charge as Health Minister, Dr Vardhan said, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal ,Odisha and Delhi have not implemented the scheme under which five lakh rupees annual medical cover is provided to each family belonging to vulnerable sections for treatment. He said, he will try to convince the Chief Ministers to implement the scheme in the interest of the people. The minister said, so far 27 lakh people have availed the benefits under the scheme. Dr Vardhan said, his Ministry will work extensively so that more and more eligible persons get the benefits under the scheme.
• Dr Vardhan said, the government has also set a target of establishing 1.5 lakh Health and Wellness centres by 2022. He said, so far around 16 to 17 thousand such Centres have come up. He said, his Ministry will also launch a campaign to provide healthcare facilities to the patients through these Centres. Dr Vardhan said, his priority is also to ensure time bound completion of works of 21 new AIIMS.
12. On May 28, 2019, birth anniversary of freedom fighter Veer Savarkar was observed
• On May 28, 2019, birth anniversary of freedom fighter Veer Savarkar was observed.
• In Pune, Savarkar founded the “Abhinav Bharat Society”.
• He was also involved in the Swadeshi movement and later joined Tilak’s Swaraj Party. His instigating patriotic speeches and activities incensed the British Government. As a result the British Government withdrew his B.A. degree.
• In June 1906, Veer Savarkar, left for London to become Barrister. However, once in London, he united and inflamed the Indian students in England against British rule in India. He founded the Free India Society. The Society celebrated important dates on the Indian calendar including festivals, freedom movement landmarks, and was dedicated to furthering discussion about Indian freedom. He believed and advocated the use of arms to free India from the British and created a network of Indians in England, equipped with weapons.
• In 1908, brought out an authentic informative researched work on The Great Indian Revolt, which the British termed as “Sepoy Mutiny” of 1857. The book was called “The Indian War of Independence 1857”. The British government immediately enforced a ban on the publication in both Britain and India. Later, it was published by Madame Bhikaiji Cama in Holland, and was smuggled into India to reach revolutionaries working across the country against British rule.
• When the then British Collector of Nasik, A.M.T. Jackson was shot by a youth, Veer Savarkar finally fell under the net of the British authorities. He was implicated in the murder citing his connections with India House. Savarkar was arrested in London on March 13, 1910 and sent to India.
• In 1920, many prominent freedom fighters including Vithalbhai Patel, Mahatma Gandhi and Bal Gangadhar Tilak demanded the release of Savarkar. On May 2, 1921, Savarkar was moved to Ratnagiri jail, and from there to the Yeravada jail. In Ratnagiri jail Savarkar wrote the book ‘Hindutva: who is hindu?’
• Vinayak Savarkar was a president of Hindu Mahasabha from 1937 to 1943. When congress ministries offered resignation on 22nd oct 1939, Hindu mahaasabha under his leadership cooperated with Muslim league to form government in provinces like Sindh, Bengal and NWFP.
13. Social and Labor Convergence Programme (SLCP)
• The ‘Social and Labor Convergence Programme (SLCP),’ an initiative to have a standard-neutral, converged assessment framework for the textile and clothing industry, will be launched in India shortly.
• The SLCP is not a code of conduct or compliance programme.
• The converged assessment framework is a tool developed by the SLCP, which provides a data set with no value judgment or scoring.
• It is, however, compatible with existing audit systems and codes of conduct. This means that the same data set can be used by a wide-range of stakeholders. It eliminates the need for repetitive audits to be carried out on the same facility.
• The initiative is led by world’s leading manufacturers, brands, retailers, industry groups, non-governmental organisations and service providers.
• The objective of the initiative Its aim is to improve the working conditions in textile units by allowing resources that were previously designated for compliance audits to be redirected towards the improvement of social and labour conditions.
• This is a voluntary adoption by the textile and clothing makers.
14. India’s campaign in French Open Tennis ends
• India’s campaign in the French Open Tennis ended today with Rohan Bopanna and his Romanian partner Marius Copil bowing out in the third round of the men’s doubles competition in Paris.
• The Indo-Romanian combination of Bopanna and Copil conceded a one-game advantage before going down 6-1, 5-7, 6-7 in a thrilling tiebreaker to the Serbian pair of Dusan Lajovic and Janko Tipsarevic. It was a hard-fought contest that lasted two hours and five minutes.
• India’s tennis ace Leander Paes also crashed out of the Grand Slam in another men’s doubles match along with French partner Benoit Paire. They lost to the third-seeded Colombian team of Juan Sebastian Cabal and Robert Farah, 0-6, 6-4, 3-6.
• India’s Divij Sharan and his Brazilian partner Marcelo Demoliner also made an early exit from the French Open in Men’s Doubles, losing their second round match against eighth seeds Finnish-Australian pair of Henri Kontinen and John Peers 3-6, 4-6.
• The Indo-Aussie duo of Jeevan Nedunchezhiyan and Jessica Moore made a first-round exit in Mixed Doubles. The pair was beaten by the Austrian-Croatian team of Oliver Marach and Mate Pavic, 6-7, 4-6.
• In Men’s Singles, P.Gunneswaran made an early exit after losing to Marco Dellien of Bolivia 1-6, 3-6,1-6 in the round of 128.
15. Indian women hockey team beat Ireland
• The Indian Women’s Hockey team came from a goal down to beat Ireland 2-1 and register its second win at the Cantor Fitzgerald Under-21 International four-nation tournament at Dublin.
• Laura Foley gave Ireland the lead in the 10th minute before India scored through Reet in the 35th and Sharmila Devi in the 53rd minute.
• India will play Scotland in their next match.